The human body is a combination of various kinds of tissues and organs in scientific terms. If we walk down the traditional line and discover what the field of Ayurveda has in store, we will learn that the Human body has as many as seven Dhatus.
Now, you must be thinking about what is a Dhatu and why is it important for a human.
The simple answer to this is that a human body is made up of Dhatus and they are important for the overall health that is enjoyed by humans in their lifetime. They are as follows:
Seven Dhatu’s in Human Body
Rasa Dhatu (plasma):
The first one is the Rasa Dhatu that acts as a transporter of the fluids like the body-plasma fluids and also, is responsible for providing nourishment to all the other Dhatus. The Rasa Dhatu or the plasma, as we call it in the normal language gains undying support from the Kapha dosha.
Rakta Dhatu (blood):
The next one is the Rakta Dhatu. Blood is known as ‘Rakht’ in Hindi. This Dhatu is the basis of life. It helps in providing nourishment to all the tissues and cells in the body. It also helps provide immense strength to the body and also, adds color to the blood of the body. The Rakta Dhatu is supported by the Pitta dosha
Mamsa Dhatu (muscle):
This one helps to provide and ensure movement and functioning of the muscular system in the body. It provides and maintains physical support to the Meda Dhatu. The Mamsa or the muscle Dhatu gains its support from the Kapha Dosha.
Meda Dhatu (fat):
The Meda Dhatu is a collection of the energies and further, it stores it to provide strength to the whole body. The adipose tissue in the body is responsible for storing fat as a means of body lubrication. It also helps in providing support to the bones. The Medha Dhatu also gains its support from the Kapha dosha
Asthi Dhatu (bone):
The Asthi Dhatu is a combination of all the bones and cartilages. It also is responsible for giving shape to the body. It also renders its support to the Mamsa Dhatu. The Asthi Dhatu gains its support from the Vata Dosha
Majja Dhatu (bone marrow):
The Majja Dhatu is the bone marrow. It nourishes the body and further, helps maintain its functions. Majja Dhatu provides the much-needed strength to the body and fills the bone requirements. It is supported by the Kapha Dosha
Shukra Dhatu (reproductive tissue):
The last one is the Shukra Dhatu. This Dhatu plays an important role in the nourishment of the reproductive strengths of an individual. It includes nourishing the functioning of the sperm and ovum. The Shukra Dhatu gains its support from the Kapha Dosha.
The field of Ayurveda has an important inclusion in the form of the Sapta Dhatus. They are interconnected and hence, affect each other. They are made up of 5 elements or Mahabhutas that help in the balancing of the Dhatus.