Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that tend to grow in and on your uterus. All uterine fibroids do not have symptoms. But when they do, symptoms can include heavy menstrual bleeding, back pain, frequent urine passing, and many others that come into the picture. Small fibroids don’t need treatment. The larger ones can be treated with medications or surgery.
Fibroids can either grow as a single nodule or one growth or in a cluster. The clusters can range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm accounting to 8 inches approximately in diameter or even larger.
40 to 80% of women develop uterine fibroids. However, an absence of any symptoms does not let them realize that they have fibroids.
Uterine Fibroids Risk factor
The risk factors are as follows:
- Obesity in people and the ones who have a higher body weight
- Family history of fibroids.
- Unable to have children
- Getting your period at a relatively young age
- Late age for menopause.
Where Does the Growth Happen?
It can grow both inside and outside of your uterus.
Different names are given for the places your fibroids are based on the place they are located in and on the uterus. These names describe it’s attached. They include:
- Submucosal fibroids: The fibroids are growing inside the uterine space (cavity) where a baby grows during the pregnancy period.
- Intramural fibroids: It is embedded into the wall of the uterus itself.
- Subserosal fibroids: It is located on the outside of the uterus this time, and they are connected closely to the outside wall of the uterus.
- Pedunculated fibroids: This is the least common one. It is located on the outside of the uterus. However, pedunculated fibroids are connected to the uterus with the help of a thin stem.
Uterine Fibroids are rounded growths that are the look-alike of the nodules of smooth muscle tissue. In some cases, they can be attached with a thin stem as mentioned in the case of pedunculated fibroids and it gives them a mushroom-like appearance.
However, the scientific developments do not support a root cause of fibroids and hence, it remains not known. Most uterine fibroids happen to women that are in their reproductive stage and age. The problem is not typically seen in young women, especially the ones who haven’t had their first period yet.
What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids?
Most uterine fibroids do not have any symptoms and don’t require treatment. All you need to do is go for a regular observation by your healthcare provider. These can be understood as typically small fibroids. If you don’t experience any of the symptoms, it’s called an asymptomatic fibroid. The development of larger fibroids can cause you to experience a variety of symptoms, like the ones mentioned as follows:
- Excessive bleeding and experiencing a painful bleeding discharge during your period cycle or menstruation process.
- Bleeding between your period cycles.
- A feeling of fullness in your lower abdomen or a constant feeling of bloating.
- Frequent need to pass urine as this can happen when a fibroid puts immense pressure on your bladder and an incomplete bladder.
- Constant constipation
- Lower back pain.
- Painful sex
- Chronic vaginal discharge
The symptoms of uterine fibroids in ladies usually stabilize or go away after you’ve gone through menopause. This is because hormone levels decline within your body.